There are several different types of termite traps available. Many people who keep exotic frogs or lizards make termite traps so they can feed their pets. Homeowners are more interested in the termite traps that can protect their homes.
The termite trap systems that are available actually work as monitoring systems. Most of them are designed to use un–treated wood or cardboard as monitoring devices. They use bait or a liquid termiticide to kill the termites when they come to the trap.
The systems use stations that are installed in the ground around the home. The stations have cardboard inside as an attractant for termites. When the traps are installed, they are spaced to insure that termites will find them. Traps are also installed in areas where termites are likely to go, such as near woodpiles and shady areas.
The traps must be checked regularly. A few homeowners check their own termite traps. However, many termite control professionals offer this service.
When termites have invaded a trap, it is time for the control measures. In some systems, non–repellant liquid termiticide is poured into the trap. The termiticide has a delayed action. Before the termites perish, they transmit the termiticide to their nest mates. This process kills many of the termites in the colony.
In other systems, a device that contains treated cardboard is inserted into the station when termites are present. Each system uses a different active ingredient to kill the termites.
The termites eat the treated cellulose. When they return to the nest, the termites share the material with their nest mates. In this way, the system can kill many termites in the colony.
Termite control using cardboard traps sounds like a simple process. One of the keys to success is installing enough traps. If they are too far apart, termites can pass by without finding them. Regular inspections are also important for a successful program. If the stations are not checked, termites can come to a station and eat all of the cardboard. When they have finished, they will move undetected to another food source. In many cases, the nearest food source is the house.