Cockroaches are some of the oldest insects known. Biologists believe that cockroaches existed 400 million years ago. Cockroaches are not social insect with a hierarchy including king, queen, etc.; however, they typically will aggregate or live with other roaches.

There are approximately 4,000 species of cockroaches worldwide; however, there are only about seventy species found in North America. Most cockroaches are native to tropical or subtropical areas, but they readily thrive inside dwellings if introduced by humans. This is why cockroaches can be found in very cold climates. Some cockroaches fly.

Perhaps the most common cockroach is the German cockroach. This small brownish cockroach is found in homes, offices, food preparation facilities, and most places where humans are found. These roaches breed quickly which is a reason for their success. American cockroaches are also common, and are called “palmetto bugs” or “water bugs” in warmer climates.

Besides the German cockroach and the American cockroach, other common cockroaches found in North America include the brown banded cockroach, the smoky brown cockroach which is typically found in mulch before invading homes, the Oriental cockroach, and the woods roaches.

Cockroaches are known carriers of disease and are known to spread disease by cross contaminating food and contact surfaces. Much work has also been done on allergens associated with cockroaches, both when roaches infest an area and after they have been eradicated through shells and other residue. Cockroaches have been closely associated with asthma, particularly in children.

People do not have to suffer with cockroach infestations. Today’s control technology and a clear understanding of the roaches allows the professional to provide thorough inspection and pinpoint control measures using products which regulate the growth of the insects so as to render them sterile. Baits are also used by professionals which are attractive to roaches in the area and the control agent ultimately controls the roaches.