Bed bug eggs are small, about 1/32 of an inch long.
The eggs are “cemented” in place in hidden places such as folds of cushions in chairs, behind head boards of beds, in screw holes of furniture, and in box springs. Any hidden place seems to be a target for females to lay their eggs. Bed bug eggs hatch quickly under temperatures and humidities agreeable to humans.
From egg to egg, the life cycle of the bed bug is four to five weeks. The eggs have a cap which is opened by the emerging nymph. As the nymph exits the egg, the egg case will appear wrinkled. The cap remains attached to the egg after the nymph emerges. Empty eggs remain with viable eggs and do not come loose from the surface where it is attached. Females may lay between 200 and 500 eggs in their lifetime which may last for two years. If you calculate the number of eggs laid by a female and that from egg to adult can be four to five weeks, it becomes apparent that a population may number thousands in a short period.
If vacuuming is used to rid the area of bed bugs, eggs typically remain and will hatch out after the live insects are removed. Eggs left in place are not known to carry any disease. There is no known insect predator of bed bug eggs. Used furniture is a particular culprit in the spread of bed bugs as even if the live insects are removed, eggs can remain. Eggs can be destroyed by heat or certain control products. Clothing which has eggs attached can be put in a dryer for fifteen minutes to destroy the eggs.